Volume XVIII contains the history and rosters of the North Carolina Senior Reserves. The Senior Reserves were men between the ages of 45 and 50, drafted in the last year of the war, as the Confederacy faced a disastrous shortfall in manpower. Between the spring and fall of 1864, North Carolina raised five regiments, four battalions, and two independent companies of Senior Reserves. These men guarded bridges and depots, rounded up deserters, and guarded prisoners at Salisbury and elsewhere. The exigencies of the war drew them into active service, some in South Carolina with General Hardee as he attempted to hold off the Federal advance to North Carolina; some in defense of Fort Fisher, south of Wilmington; and some at Bentonville, the last major battle of the war.
Also in the last year of the war, the Confederate government decided that it could no longer afford to have white men working “on detail” in ordnance works, quartermaster service, recruiting service, or other non-combat operations. In the fall of 1864, North Carolina began organizing its detailed men into military units. Eventually, three regiments, two battalions, and an independent company were organized from the detailed men in the state, but the war ended before they had an opportunity to participate in combat.
An authoritative 114-page history of the Senior Reserves begins the volume. The history is followed by a complete roster and service records of the officers and men that served in the Senior Reserves. The service records include important information such as full name, rank, county of birth and residence, occupation, place and date of enlistment, age, whether the individual was wounded, captured, hospitalized, paroled, transferred, or promoted and whether or not he died during the war or survived. A 19-page history of the Detailed Men is followed by a complete roster and service records of the officers and men that served in those units. A detailed index completes the volume.
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